【解説】マズローの欲求5段階説とは?効果的なセルフマネジメント方法を紹介します

考える男性

マズローの欲求5段階説ってなんだっけ?なんとなくは知ってるんだけど・・・

こんにちは、いさむです。

マズローの欲求5段階説

心理学の分野で、なんとなく知っているけどなんだっけ?モヤモヤ・・・

ちょっと気になる。

という悩みに答えていこうと思います。

この記事でわかること

・マズローの欲求5段階説がわかる

・自分の心理にどのように影響しているかわかる

・高いモチベーションを維持するにはどうしたらいいかわかる

順番に解説していきます。

アブラハム・マズローってこんな人

引用元:https://feelthebrain.me/tag/abraham-maslow/

マズローの欲求5段階説のマズローは、人の名前です。

アブラハム・ハロルド・マズロー(Abraham Harold Maslow, 1908年4月1日 – 1970年6月8日)は、アメリカ合衆国の心理学者。

ニューヨーク州ニューヨーク市ブルックリン区に生まれる。彼は人間性心理学の最も重要な生みの親とされている。これは精神病理の理解を目的とする精神分析と、人間と動物を区別しない行動主義心理学の間の、いわゆる「第三の勢力」として、心の健康についての心理学を目指すもので、人間の自己実現を研究するものである。彼は特に人間の欲求の階層(マズローの欲求のピラミッド)を主張した事でよく知られている。

引用元:アブラハム・マズロー-Wikipedia

マズローの欲求5段階説とは?

マズローの欲求5段階説は、1943年にマズローが発表した論文「人間の動機づけに関する理論」で世の中に出ました。

人間がみんな持っている5つに階層化された欲求について解説しています。

以下がマズローが考えた5つの欲求です。

  1. 生理的欲求
  2. 安全欲求
  3. 社会的欲求
  4. 承認欲求
  5. 自己実現欲求

⑤の順番で低いものから現れ、その欲求がある程度満たされると、次の欲求が現れます。

そして、現れた欲求が満たされないと人間はストレスを感じます。

また、欲求というと悪いイメージもありますが、マズローによると、人間が一定して持つ基本的欲求から生まれる欲望は決して悪ではありません。

欲求を抑えるよりも、引き出して満たした方が、より健康的・生産的になり、そして幸福になることができると考えられています。

さらに5つの欲求について深掘りしていきます。

生理的欲求


生理的欲求は人を動機付ける最も根源的な欲求です。

  • 呼吸をする
  • 食べる
  • 飲む
  • 寝る

人の生命維持に関わるものが生理的欲求にあたります。

安全欲求

生命維持などの生理的欲求がある程度満たされると、「安全欲求」が現れます。

  • 身の安全
  • 不安・混乱からの脱却
  • 住居の安定

などを求めるのが安全欲求です。

マズローによると、生理的欲求と同じくらい安全欲求は強いものだとされています。

会的欲求

生理的欲求と安全の欲求が満たされると、「社会的欲求」が現れます。

  • 孤独になりたくない
  • 家族や恋人、友達、同僚など共同体の一員に加わりたい
  • 周囲から愛情深く暖かく迎えられたい

以上のような、集団への帰属や他者からの愛を求めるものが「社会的欲求」です。

承認欲求

「社会的欲求」が満たされると、今度は「承認欲求」が芽生えてきます。

この承認欲求は2つに分かれています。

【自己に対する評価の欲求】

達成、熟達、能力への自信、自由など、自己をより優れた存在と認める、自尊心とも言えるものへの欲求

 

【他者からの評価に対する欲求】

評判や信望、地位、名誉、優越、承認、重視などを求める欲求

この承認欲求が満たされるかで結構変わってきます。

  • 満たされる:自分は世の中で役に立つ存在だというプラスの感情が湧いてきます。

  • 満たされない:焦燥感や劣等感、無力感などのマイナスの感情が現れてきます。

自己実現欲求

「自己実現欲求」とは、人が潜在的に持っているものを開花させて、自分がなり得る全てのものになり切りたいという欲求です。

この自己実現欲求だけは、第四段階までと質が異なります

どれだけ下位の欲求が満たされても、人は自分に適していることをしていない限り新しい不満が出てきます

欠乏欲求と成長欲求

5つの欲求を紹介しましたが、マズローはこれらを2つのグループに分けています。

第四段階までは、欠乏欲求

第五段階の自己実現欲求は、成長欲求

と呼ばれていて、

おのずと人間の生き方も2つのタイプに分かれてきます。

・足りないものを補う『欠乏欲求満足型』

 

・自分自身の成長を目指す『成長欲求満足型』

どちらの欲求を原動力にするかで、人生は大きく変わっていきます

あなたはどちらを選択していきますか?

まとめ

この記事で伝えたいことをまとめます。

  1. マズローの欲求5段階説を理解して自分を分析してみよう
  2. 自分を知りセルフコントロールしていこう
  3. 将来のビジョンや目標をもって成長欲求を刺激しよう

ここまで解説してきましたが、いかがでしょうか?

人間って本当によくできているとあらためて実感しますよね。

もしかしたら誰かにプログラミングされた存在とかだったりして。

では、成長欲求を刺激して人生を豊かにしていきましょう。

91 COMMENTS

918kiss hack apk download for android

When I initially commented I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a means you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks a lot.

best real estate agent choa chu kang singapore

Hi there! This blog post couldn’t be written any better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a very good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

idm serial number

Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the issues. It was truly informative. Your site is useful. Thank you for sharing!

support tv electrique

Nice post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I am inspired!
Very useful info specially the ultimate part 🙂 I care for such
info a lot. I was looking for this particular information for a very long time.
Thanks and good luck.

cheapstorexyz

I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!!
I certainly enjoyed every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked to look at
new things you post…

tofranil

My husband and i felt now excited Emmanuel could conclude his investigation from your ideas he came across from your own blog. It’s not at all simplistic just to be giving away guides many people could have been making money from. And we consider we’ve got the blog owner to appreciate because of that. All the explanations you’ve made, the easy blog menu, the friendships you assist to create – it’s all awesome, and it’s assisting our son and our family consider that that concept is awesome, and that’s exceptionally fundamental. Many thanks for all!

trading blog

Aw, this was an extremely good post. Finding the time and actual effort to produce a really good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and never manage to get nearly anything done.

Satchel

Howdy! I simply want to give you a big thumbs up for your great info you have right here on this post. I will be coming back to your web site for more soon.

trading blog

I want to to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it. I have you saved as a favorite to look at new stuff you post…

electronics

Having read this I thought it was extremely enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this content together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

success

My partner and I stumbled over here different page and
thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so i
am just following you. Look forward to looking into your web page yet again.

Slot Ovo

Mamibet merupakan bandar judi slot pulsa terpercaya yang memiliki beragam jenis permaiann judi slot online yang menguntungkan bagi semua pemain judi slot Indonesia.

สล็อตxo

Hello, this weekend is pleasant designed for me, for the reason that this occasion i am reading this great informative piece of writing
here at my home.

success

Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a totally different subject but it has
pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent
choice of colors!

sliminazer39506.dsiblogger.com

My spouse and I stumbled over here different web page
and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
Look forward to looking at your web page repeatedly.

kindle

Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything. But think of
if you added some great graphics or videos to give your posts more,
“pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics
and clips, this blog could certainly be one of the best in its field.
Fantastic blog!

adelaide escorts

Your one-stop shop to Asia’s biggest intercourse location, find Tokyo Escorts, Brothels, Sensual Rubs, Blowjob
Bars, Reel Clubs, Intercourse Solutions and a whole lot
more!

Mason

Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download
it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand
out. Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks

reading book

Your method of explaining the whole thing in this paragraph is in fact fastidious, every one be able
to without difficulty understand it, Thanks a lot.

Temple Bergan

You are my breathing in, I possess few blogs and sometimes run out from to brand.I conceive this web site has some rattling superb info for everyone. “There is nothing so disagreeable, that a patient mind cannot find some solace for it.” by Lucius Annaeus Seneca.

kriptonomismata

Howdy! This blog post couldn’t be written any better! Looking at this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I’ll forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a very good read. Thanks for sharing!

blog

A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I think that you need to write more about this subject, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people don’t speak about such subjects. To the next! Best wishes!

Santiago Westler

I have read a few excellent stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much attempt you place to make such a magnificent informative website.

stafaband

Having read this I thought it was rather informative. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!

Sterling Shawcroft

I just could not depart your website prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard info a person supply for your visitors? Is gonna be back ceaselessly in order to check up on new posts.

anal porn

Hello, There’s no doubt that your website could be having internet browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, wonderful blog.

yarrak

You made some decent points there. I looked on the net to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

hardcore porn

When I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I get 4 emails with the same comment. Is there a way you can remove me from that service? Appreciate it.

Roberto Lowther

Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.

singapore top real estate agent

I must thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this blog. I really hope to see the same high-grade content from you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own website now 😉

goyard handbags

Thank you so much for giving everyone an extremely special opportunity to check tips from this blog. It is often very fantastic and as well , jam-packed with a good time for me and my office fellow workers to search the blog at least thrice per week to study the latest items you will have. And definitely, we are usually pleased with all the excellent advice you give. Selected 3 ideas in this post are unquestionably the simplest I’ve ever had.

nike x off white

I wish to show my appreciation to you just for bailing me out of this particular matter. Because of researching through the world wide web and seeing thoughts which are not powerful, I was thinking my entire life was done. Living devoid of the approaches to the issues you’ve fixed by way of your good website is a serious case, and those which could have badly affected my entire career if I had not come across the blog. Your main natural talent and kindness in taking care of almost everything was valuable. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a point like this. I’m able to at this point look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for your reliable and sensible help. I won’t be reluctant to suggest your site to any person who ought to have assistance on this matter.

reading book

Hey there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re
using? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but
I’m having a hard time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

The reason I ask is because your design seems different
then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

Phil Hickinbotham

You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

Africa tourism

If some one wants expert view concerning running a blog after that i advise him/her to pay a quick
visit this weblog, Keep up the nice job.

online bingo

Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just too great.
I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like
what you’re saying and the way in which you say it.
You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it smart.
I can not wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful web site.

fashion

Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Many thanks, However I am going through difficulties with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I can’t join it. Is there anybody else getting similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

Hans Giambalvo

Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! However, how could we communicate?

instagram account

Hi i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere,
when i read this article i thought i could also create comment due
to this sensible piece of writing.

yeezy

I in addition to my pals have already been reading the best hints located on your web blog and so all of a sudden I got an awful feeling I had not thanked the site owner for those techniques. All the men had been absolutely thrilled to learn them and already have sincerely been having fun with these things. We appreciate you genuinely very considerate and also for obtaining this sort of important subjects millions of individuals are really desperate to know about. My honest regret for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

kyrie 6

I precisely desired to say thanks once again. I do not know the things I might have done in the absence of the entire hints shown by you concerning that area. It truly was a real challenging condition for me, however , seeing a well-written fashion you resolved the issue took me to cry for gladness. I’m just happier for your advice and pray you really know what a powerful job you were putting in training some other people with the aid of your web blog. Most probably you have never encountered all of us.

loyalty

It’s hard to come by experienced people about this subject, but you seem like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

tablecloth

Very good info. Lucky me I recently found your website by accident (stumbleupon). I have book-marked it for later.

Khadijah Wyse

I have recently started a site, the info you offer on this website has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work. “The word ‘genius’ isn’t applicable in football. A genius is a guy like Norman Einstein.” by Joe Theismann.

low price cbd

Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It will always be helpful to read through content from other authors and use something from their sites.

internet providers in vancouver

After looking into a number of the articles on your web site, I seriously like your technique of writing a blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Please check out my website too and let me know how you feel.

横浜市都筑区サイディング多彩色模様塗装

Right here is the perfect site for everyone who would like to understand this topic. You know so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a subject that has been written about for many years. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful.

Slot Ovo

Dazbet merupakan bandar judi online Indonesia terpercaya resmi saat ini yang hadir untuk memenuhi kebutuhan member judi online dalam bermain dan mencari penghasilan tambahan dengan bermain bersama kami. Dengan perkembangan teknologi yang sudah pesat jaman ini kalian bisa memainkan beragam permainan judi online hanya dengan membutuhkan jaringan internet dan juga gadget kalian, baik itu android, ios, laptop, dan juga pc kalian dimana saja dan kapan saja dengan cukup membuka bandar kami dan bertaruh di dalamnya.

hermes

I am commenting to let you be aware of what a amazing encounter our princess encountered browsing your site. She figured out a lot of issues, which included how it is like to possess an amazing giving nature to make many more completely comprehend various impossible topics. You undoubtedly surpassed my desires. Thanks for giving such great, trustworthy, edifying and even fun tips about this topic to Emily.

nike react

I and also my guys have already been analyzing the great things from your web blog while instantly got a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those tips. These guys appeared to be as a consequence glad to read all of them and already have in fact been loving those things. Appreciation for indeed being simply kind and for finding varieties of high-quality issues millions of individuals are really desirous to understand about. My honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

lebron james shoes

Needed to write you that very small word in order to thank you again on your unique tricks you have discussed here. It’s certainly extremely generous with people like you in giving freely what many people could have marketed as an e-book to end up making some dough for themselves, notably considering that you might well have done it in case you considered necessary. These thoughts likewise acted to be a fantastic way to comprehend some people have a similar eagerness really like my very own to figure out a lot more related to this problem. Certainly there are some more pleasant opportunities in the future for many who view your website.

golden goose outlet

I as well as my guys were actually following the excellent information and facts located on the website and then all of the sudden developed a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to you for those techniques. All of the guys appeared to be consequently stimulated to learn them and have in effect in fact been loving these things. I appreciate you for really being considerably helpful as well as for utilizing this form of important issues most people are really desperate to be informed on. Our honest regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

yeezy boost 350 v2

I happen to be writing to let you understand of the outstanding discovery my friend’s princess undergone checking your webblog. She noticed so many pieces, most notably what it is like to possess an ideal coaching mood to let other people just completely grasp some impossible subject areas. You really exceeded our expectations. I appreciate you for delivering such necessary, healthy, informative and in addition easy tips about your topic to Lizeth.

pii_email_37f47c404649338129d6

Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!

uwatchfree

After I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a means you can remove me from that service? Thank you.

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。